HISTORY OF PUGLIA

Salento

Salento is a geographical area, the southern part of Apulia. An unque quadrilateral feature of cities
such as Lecce, Otranto, Santa Maria di Leuca and Gallipoli.
Salento is an harmonius place where you come accross centuries of history and arts.
The cost line boats crystal clear waters with indigenous fauna and flora. Wich results in many beach
having blue flag status.
Salento is a sun kissed land wich has many traditional foods, that are artisanally made by locals.

Gallipoli

Gallipoli is the pearl of the ionian coast’s line and is composed of an historical centre, new town, beach and long streatches of costline.

Historical centre

The historical centre is sorrounded by an ancient fortified wall wich makes the centre island like.
This wall was built to protect the castle in the 13 th century against the Turks.
Today you can still see cannons and catapults that were used in the defense.
Gallipoli’s historical centre has it’s own beach called Puritate where you can enjoy an aperitivo overlooking the sea.

The new city

Separeted from the island of the old city by a bridge, the modern part of the city has developed on the coasts. Penthouses and shops for shopping, surrounding thousand services, clubs, hotels, and restaurants: in the new part of the city nothing misses.

The lidos

About the sea, in Gallipoli nothing is missing; coves on the low cliff alternated with golden, pristine or equipped beaches.
Towards the south, we find Lido Pizzo, Punta della suina and Baia Verde. They are all sandy beaches, with low dunes and rich of spontaneous flowers. You can admire the transparent sea and, in the background, the view of the city. Towards the north, we can find Rivabella, another renowned beach that borders the low cliff where, thanks to the coves, it is possible to enjoy more relax than the crowded beaches of the southern slope.

Santa Maria di Leuca

In the most southern tip of salento, around 80 km from Lecce and 40 km Gallipoli, we find Leuca, a village with an unique natural, cultural, artistic and historical wealth.
A timeless village where you can’t help but be fascinated by the beautiful 19 th century villasand the caves scattared on the cliff and interesting places sorrounded by the two seas. This is where the
ionian and adriatic meet.
What makes the place facinteting and popular, is the jagged rocks, grottoes, and the clear sea and a small beach that lives under the bridge.

Santa Maria di Leuca’s santuary De Finibus Terrae

Built on the ruins of a temple dedicated to the goodness Minerva, the santuary is dedicated to the virgin Mary. By visiting it, you can immers yourself in its history, from the landing of San Paoul on the coast of Leuca converting local population and the miracle that saved it from a terrible storm. Its charm is from the beauty of the interiors, while the facade rapresents a private building so as not to catch the eye and of the looter such as Turks and saracen.

The lighthouse

On the right of the santuary, the majestic lighthouse dating back to the late 1800’s seems almost to be a lookout. In fact, it was built in the place of a watchower wich was used to identify the enemies who came from the sea. The lighthouse is functional to the port too, located on the cliff 47 meters
high and boasts a terrace from which you can enjoy breathtaking views, accessible via a spiral staircase of 254 steps.

The remarkable waterfall

Below the square of thr sanctuary and lighthouse, there is a monumental waterfall, the final part of an apulian aqueduct. It dates back to the 1939s. It has been renovated with lights that are turned on specific dates, in conjunction with organizes events.

The bridge Ciolo

A few kilometers in the north of Leuca, following along the adriatic coast, you come accross a bridge that connects in an inlet in very high cliff. It is overlooks the sea and a cove wich can be visited by a staircase.
What makes this place facinteting and popular, is the jagged rocks, grottoes, and the clear sea and a small beach that lives under the bridge.
Sometime daredevils try diving from the bridge, while trakkers climb the gorge that leads inland.

Otranto

As the fourth point of the quadrilateral that frames Salento’s land, we find Otranto, the eastern village in Italy, located 40 km far from Leuca and Lecce . Otranto is known as the city of Martyrs and represents one of Salento’s jewels. In reality Otranto, well as Gallipoli, meets all tourist needs: Carribean beaches, high and low cliffs, history, art, culture and entertainments.

Historical center

Enclosed by defensive walls, the historical center of Otranto jus begin near the Aragonese castle, an ancient military fortress necessary to defend the territory. In fact, Otranto has always represented the gateway between East and West and this has always been more a risk than an advantage: in the 1480s there was a massacre of 800 faithful christian by the Turks who remains are preserved in the Cathedral of Santa Maria Annunziata. Here, in addition to the bones of the Martyrs, the mosaic floor represents the tree of life and many seems of the Holy Scriptures . Among the narrow streets, there are many points of interests: small shops for shopping, artisans who pursue ancient craft, pubs, restaurants and several churches, for worship and architecture’s lovers.

The sea

The splendid natural view makes Otranto one of the most beautiful places in Salento: seaside sites in fabulous natural locations such as Baia dei Turchi, the Alimini lakes immersed in the mediterranean scrub, where the cliff higher. The emotions that nature gives near this place are unique and unforgettable. This panorama become closes, returning to Lecce, the quadrilateral that
frames the Salento’s land, a place you can’t help but visiting at least once in your lifetime!

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